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International Law: Treaties

Includes resources for general research on International Law topics

Primary Sources of International Law

International Treaties

The Restatement Third defines a treaty as, "an agreement between two or more states or international organizations that is intended to be legally binding and is governed by international law;" Treaties can take the form of Bilateral (two party) or Multilateral (multi- party) treaties. Terms such as agreement, charter, convention, covenant, and protocol are often used interchangeably with the term "treaty."

Beginning Treaty Research

  • Is the treaty bilateral or multilateral?
  • What is the text of treaty?
  • Who are the parties?
  • Is it in force?
  • Signed?
  • Ratified?
  • Modified by later treaty/ies?
  • Repudiated?
  • Has it been incorporated into domestic law of the relevant countries, if necessary?
  • Did it create some form of body or international organization which now administers the international law in that subject area?



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